A hacker is someone who attempts to get access to a computer system. Hacking can be done for various reasons, including installing malware, stealing or deleting data, disrupting service, and so on. Hacking can also be done for moral grounds, such as locating software flaws so they can be improved.
There are ways of protecting yourself against hackers so that they don’t run off with your crypto wallet passwords, use your UK casino bonus, or any other pieces of valuable information to you. But before putting up a defense line, it’s time to know your enemies first.
White hat hackers
White hat hackers act ethically as penetration testers. They have full contractual permission to try to destabilize a system while remaining legal. Their mission is to identify system flaws and improve system security. They often get hired by the government or police force institutions.
Black hat hackers
Hackers that obtain illegal access to networks and systems with malicious intent are known as black hat hackers. This can include stealing data, spreading malware or benefiting from ransomware, vandalizing or otherwise causing damage to systems, all in the name of fame. Threat actors are criminals by definition since they breach laws against unauthorized access to networks, but they may also participate in other illegal activities such as corporate espionage, identity theft, and DDoS attacks.
Grey hat hackers
The gray hat hacker occupies a middle ground between black hat and white hat hackers. They aren’t certified hackers. These hackers can have either good or harmful intentions when they hack. It’s possible that the hacking is for their own benefit. The purpose of hacking determines the type of hacker. If the hacker’s goal is to make money, he or she is referred to as a gray hat hacker.
Red hat hackers
Red hat hackers want to stop threat actors from launching unethical assaults. While red hat hackers may have the same goal as white hat hackers, their methods differ in that red hat hackers may employ illegal or extreme methods. Red hat hackers frequently use cyber-attacks against threat actors’ systems.
Blue hat hackers
Blue hat hackers have no desire to learn anything. To gain popularity among their fellow beings, they employ hacking as a weapon. They utilize hacking to resolve their differences with their opponents. Blue hat hackers are harmful not because of their knowledge, but because of the motive behind the hacking.
Script kiddies are part of the newer wave of hackers who do not rely on high levels of skill for their attacks. Instead, they purchase and use ready-made scripts and hacking tools.
Hacktivists are groups of hackers who use cyber-attacks to bring about political change. The goal is to draw public attention to anything the hacktivist believes is an ethical or human rights violation. By making private emails, photographs, or information public, hacktivism assaults may aim to expose proof of wrongdoing.