The operation of the drilling process depends upon the quality of drilling equipment. It incorporates top-notch bone profiling drills that are used for various medical treatments.
Bone is a natural, mineralized, and hard sort of tissue. Thus, the drilling process is impacted by the shape, the drill bit’s material, and the bone’s structure.
This article has aggregated the working, attributes, and effect of quality bone drills on the entire operations. Take a look!
Table of Contents
What Is Bone Drilling?
If we consider orthopedics terms, ‘bone drilling’ is a worldwide famous surgical procedure. This method is utilized to install implants, carry out reconstructive surgical procedures, and inner fracture fixation. The primary task of bone drilling is making openings to fix screws, plates, and wires. In the end, it assists with securing the fractured space for immobilisation.
The examinations have found that using high-quality bone profiling drills is essential to diminish difficulties in surgical procedures and damage to bone tissue (i.e., osteonecrosis). Thus, a dental specialist should use the right tools not to create other clinical issues. Also, it is beneficial in carrying out proficient surgeries.
Impact Of Bone Drill Quality On Overall Performance
Bone drilling is a typical system for producing a hole to embed the screws. It assists with fixing the broke parts in numerous medical procedures.
In bone drilling, force and temperature play a significant part. When the forcing temperature is higher, it will make mini cracks in the bone and a high heat-affected area. And this might harm the bone cells (osteonecrosis) present nearby the drilled holes. Eventually, the bone cell harm will defer the healing process and diminish the strength and steadiness.
Besides, if it’s not a premium quality bone profiling drill, then, at that point, the roughness will hamper the engagement of the correct screw. Also, the drill site might prompt fixation slackening.
Proven Facts About Bone Drilling
- Thompson stated that with a speed of 125 rpm to 2000 rpm, the temperature would increase at 2.5 mm and 5.0 mm from the drill hole.
- Peyton and Vaughan said that if you increase the spindle speed from 1000 rpm to 10000 rpm, it will increase the temperature of the bone drilling.
- Hirsch and Matthews found if you increase the spindle speed from 345 rpm to 2900 rpm, there will be no significant changes in the bone drilling process on human femora.
- In a drilling experiment on bovine cortical bone, Brisman found; that if you increase drilling speeds from 1800 and 2400, the drilling temperature will also increase.
- In a drilling experiment on bovine as well as human bone, Shuaib and Hillery said that the temperature would lower with an increased drill speed of 400 rpm to 2000 rpm.
- A bone drilling experiment was conducted by Nam et al. on bovine ribs. It states that between 600 rpm and 1200 rpm, the temperature will increase with the increasing drilling speed.
Methods Used for Measuring Temperature For Implant Placement
A range of methods is used for measuring the heat generated in the drilling of bone in dental implant placement.
Real-time infrared thermography is a primary method used for measuring temperature. The thermograph process helps to find the radiant infrared value of the subject. It helps to distinguish temperature distribution as a visual image and display it by color on a monitor.
Another method is when each preparation temperature measurement is created with a covered thermocouple and recorded on a microprocessor thermometer.
The Use Of Bone Profiling Drills
A profiling drill is used to handle the bone directly around the implant platform. It is the easiest and best method to conduct a successful dental surgery.
The dental surgeon fits the profiler into the implant. And the profiler is specifically made for every implant platform. There are mainly two types of bone profilers, one is a single piece, and another is a two-piece profiler.
For dentists that are placing Biohorizons, Zimmer, or Implant Direct (any type of implant), it is suggested to use high-quality profiling drills.
With technological advancement, the drilling force doesn’t increase heat production. An increase in the load and speed allows the drill to cut more efficiently than at low speeds. Therefore it generates less frictional heat.
A study by Brisman compared the drilling at 1,200 and 2,400 rpm under loads of 1.2 and 2.4 kg. Here, less heat is generated with 2,400 rpm under 2.4 kg of force.
We hope you have got a good knowledge of the characteristics and quality of bone profiling drills. Now, you can distinguish between the right type of drills for different surgeries.
Are you looking for the best implant drill to get re-invigorated or for your practice? Then we suggest you check before buying. Always check the customer comments and history of the manufacturer you are sticking to buy dental equipment.